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Feb 11 12 12:50 PM

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[EDIT] As a WWII vet, the above article as to finally finding Amelia Earheart has been dear to my heart from the time she and Fred Noonam were reported as being lost, in 1937. The report of probable evidence they had to ditch the plane they were flying in on Nikumaroro island, formerly known as Gardner island, fascinated me, because it was so close to one of the Phoenix group of islands I was stationed on during WWII. A distance of only about 300 miles separated the two islands. A Pan American Clipper service and rest stop between the Hawaiian Islands and Australia, known then as Canton island, now called Kanton island.
Kanton island is the farthest island to the WNW of Nikumaroro island, which is at the other end of the chain, about 300 miles ESE of Kanton island. The Phoenix group of islands are about 700 miles west of the Gilbert Islands, and Tarawa.

Last Edited By: quasar Apr 21 17 7:17 AM. Edited 1 time

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May 31 12 5:02 AM

Mystery of Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart's anti-freckle cream jar possibly found

Container located by group searching for clues about legendary aviator

A small cosmetic jar offers more circumstantial evidence that the legendary aviator, Amelia Earhart, died on an uninhabited island in the southwestern Pacific republic of Kiribati.

Found broken in five pieces, the ointment pot was collected on Nikumaroro Island by researchers of The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR), which has long been investigating the last, fateful flight taken by Earhart 75 years ago.

When reassembled,* the glass fragments ‬make up a nearly complete jar identical in shape to the ones used by Dr.* ‬C.* ‬H Berry's Freckle Ointment. The ointment was marketed in the early* ‬20th century as a concoction guaranteed to make freckles fade.

"It's well documented Amelia had freckles and disliked having them," Joe Cerniglia, the TIGHAR researcher who spotted the freckle ointment as a possible match, told Discovery News.

PHOTOS: Jars Hint at Amelia Earhart Castaway Presence

The jar fragments were found together with other artifacts during TIGHAR's nine archaeological expeditions to the tiny coral atoll believed to be Earhart's final resting place.

Analysis of the recovered artifacts will be presented at a three-day conference in Arlington, Va. A new study of post loss radio signals and the latest forensic analysis of a photograph believed to show the landing gear of Earhart's aircraft on Nikumaroro reef three months after her disappearance, will be also discussed.

Beginning on June 1, the symposium will highlight TIGHAR's high-tech search next July to find pieces of Earhart's Lockheed Electra aircraft.

The pilot mysteriously vanished while flying over the Pacific Ocean on July 2, 1937 during a record attempt to fly around the world at the equator. The general consensus has been that Earhart's twin-engined plane ran out of fuel and crashed in the Pacific Ocean, somewhere near Howland Island.

But according to Ric Gillespie, executive director of TIGHAR, there is an alternative scenario.

NEWS: Search for Amelia Earhart Starts Again

"The navigation line Amelia described in her final in-flight radio transmission passed through not only Howland Island, her intended destination, but also Gardner Island, now called Nikumaroro," Gillespie said at a special press event on March 20 hosted by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

According to Gillespie, the possibility that Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan might have made an emergency landing on Nikumaroro's flat coral reef, some 300 miles southeast of their target destination, is supported by a number of artifacts which, combined with archival research, strongly point to a castaway presence on the remote island.

"Broken shards from several glass containers have been recovered from the Seven Site, the archaeological site on the southeast end of Nikumaroro that fits the description of where the partial skeleton of a castaway was discovered in* ‬1940," Gillespie told Discovery News.

Found with the skeletal remains at that time were part of a man's shoe,* ‬part of a woman's shoe,* ‬a box that had once contained a sextant,* ‬remnants of a fire,* ‬bird bones and turtle bones* — ‬all suggesting that the site had been the castaways' camp.*

"Unfortunately,* ‬the bones and artifacts found in* ‬1940* ‬were subsequently lost," said Gillespie.

Like most archaeological sites,* ‬the Seven Site has yielded evidence of activity from several different periods in the island's history and not all of the glass recovered from the site is attributable to the castaway.*

"For example,* ‬the top of a war-time Coke bottle and pieces of what was probably a large salt shaker of a style used by the U.S.* ‬military are almost certainly relics of one or more U.S.* ‬Coast Guard target shooting forays," Gillespie said.

Much of the glass,* ‬however,* ‬appears to be associated with a castaway presence.*

Two of the bottles,* ‬both dating from the* ‬1930s,* ‬were found in what had been a small campfire.*

"The bottoms of both bottles are melted but the upper portions,* ‬although shattered,* ‬are not heat-damaged* — ‬implying that the bottles once stood upright in the fire.* ‬A length of wire found in the same spot has been twisted in such a way as to serve as a handle for holding a bottleneck," said Gillespie.

"It seems reasonable to speculate that the bottles were used by the castaway to boil collected water to make it safe for drinking," he added.

Some of the recovered items contained products generally used only by women.*

Laboratory analysis of remnants of the contents in a three-ounce bottle show a close match to Campana Italian Balm,* ‬a hand lotion made in Batavia,* ‬Ill. that was popular among American women in the ‬1930s. However, the most intriguing of the Seven Site bottles* appears to be the small cosmetic jar.

"The problem we have in precisely identifying the jar is that all the examples we have found come in opaque white glass. The artifact jar is clear glass," said Cerniglia.

So far, the researchers have not been able to match the exact size of the artifact jar to a known jar of Dr.* ‬Berry's product.*

"The reassembled artifact jar does,* ‬however,* ‬fit nicely in a box in which freckle cream was marketed.* ‬The known Dr.* ‬Berry jars do not.* ‬So we know there was a jar of Dr.* ‬Berry's Freckle Ointment of the same size as the artifact jar,* ‬but we don't know whether it was clear glass," Gillespie said.

More important than the exact contents of the jar, * ‬is the fact that four of the broken pieces of the ointment pot were found together.* ‬The fifth piece was discovered about 65* ‬feet away near the bones of a turtle.*

*According to Gillespie, t‬hat piece of glass shows evidence of secondary use as a cutting or slicing tool.

*"The ‬bottles and other artifacts we have found at the Seven Site tell a fascinating,* ‬but still incomplete,* ‬story of ingenuity,* ‬survival,* ‬and,* ‬ultimately,* ‬tragedy. Whether it is Amelia Earhart's story remains to be seen," Gillespie said.

By Rossella Lorenzi
updated 5/30/2012 8:41:52 PM ET



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Jun 1 12 8:20 PM

Dozens of previously dismissed radio signals were actually credible

Dozens of previously dismissed radio signals were actually credible transmissions from Amelia Earhart, according to a new study of the alleged post-loss signals from Earhart's plane. The transmissions started riding the air waves just hours after Earhart sent her last in-flight message.

The study, presented on Friday at a three day conference by researchers of The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR), sheds new light on what may have happened to the legendary aviator 75 years ago. The researchers plan to start a high-tech underwater search for pieces of her aircraft next July.

"Amelia Earhart did not simply vanish on July 2, 1937. Radio distress calls believed to have been sent from the missing plane dominated the headlines and drove much of the U.S. Coast Guard and Navy search," Ric Gillespie, executive director of TIGHAR, told Discovery News.

Jars Hint at Amelia Earhart Castaway Presence

"When the search failed, all of the reported post-loss radio signals were categorically dismissed as bogus and have been largely ignored ever since," he added.

Using digitized information management systems, antenna modeling software, and radio wave propagation analysis programs, TIGHAR re-examined all the 120 known reports of radio signals suspected or alleged to have been sent from the Earhart aircraft after local noon on July 2, 1937 through July 18, 1937, when the official search ended.

They concluded that 57 out of the 120 reported signals are credible.

"The results of the study suggest that the aircraft was on land and on its wheels for several days following the disappearance," Gillespie said.

Tracking Earhart's transmissions

Earhart used radio transmissions on her last flight on July 2, 1937, during her record attempt to fly around the world at the equator.

At 07:42 local time, as she flew toward the target destination, Howland Island in the Pacific, with her navigator Fred Noonan, Earhart called the Coast Guard cutter Itasca, stationed at Howland Island to support her flight.

“We must be on you, but cannot see you — but gas is running low. Have been unable to reach you by radio. We are flying at 1,000 feet,” she said.

NEWS: Earhart's Anti-Freckle Ointment Jar Possibly Recovered

Earhart's final in-flight radio message occurred a hour later, at 08:43.

“We are on the line 157 337. We will repeat this message. We will repeat this on 6210 kilocycles. Wait,” she said.

According to TIGHAR, the numbers 157 and 337 refer to compass headings — 157 degrees and 337 degrees — and describe a navigation line that passed not only Howland Island, the target destination, but also Gardner Island, now called Nikumaroro.

This uninhabited atoll in the southwestern Pacific republic of Kiribati is where TIGHAR believes Earhart and Noonan landed safely and ultimately died as castaways.

According to TIGHAR's hypothesis, Earhart would have used the aircraft's radio to make distress calls for several days until the plane was washed over the reef and disappeared before Navy searchers flew over the area.

Detailed analysis done

TIGHAR built a detailed catalog and analysis of all the reported post-loss radio signals, and selected the credible ones based on their frequencies.

Transmissions from Earhart's Electra (NR16020) were possible on three primary frequencies: 3105 kHz, 6210 kHz and 500 kHz. For the latter, however, there were no reported post loss signals.

On her world flight, Earhart transmitted on 3105 kHz at night, and 6210 kHz during daylight, using her 50-watt WE-13C transmitter.

The Itasca transmitted on 3105 kHz, but did not have voice capability on 6210 kHz.

Under favorable propagation conditions, it was possible for aircraft operating on the U.S. West Coast at night to be heard on 3105 kHz in the central Pacific. Indeed, the Itasca reported hearing such signals on one occasion.

There were three 50-watt Morse code radio stations in Nicaragua that could be heard on a receiver tuned to 3105 kHz, but the stations sent only code, not voice.

Moreover, all transport aircraft in the area used assigned route frequencies, instead of 3105 kHz.

"Therefore, other than Itasca, Earhart’s Electra was the only plausible central Pacific source of voice signals on 3105 kHz," said Gillespie.

Spurious claims identified

Although several of the analyzed post-loss signal reports were determined to be hoaxes, Gillespie ruled out the hypothesis of an illegal transmitter "given the numerous constraints militating against successfully perpetrating a signal transmission hoax."

"We do not really have hoax transmissions but rather reports from people who, for whatever reason, claimed to have heard something they did not hear," Gillespie said.

To make multiple transmissions, the Electra plane needed to run the right-hand, generator-equipped engine to recharge the batteries.

"The safest procedure is to transmit only when the engine is running, and battery power is required to start the engine," said Gillespie. "To run the engine, the propeller must be clear of obstructions, and water level must never reach the transmitter."

To verify the hypothesis that the plane landed on Nikumaroro's reef, TIGHAR researchers analyzed tidal condition on the island from 2 to 9 July 1937, the week following Earhart disappearance. It emerged that transmission of credible signals occurred in periods during which the water level on the reef was low enough to permit engine operation.

Four messages of particular interest

According to Gillespie, at least four radio signals are of particular interest, as they were simultaneously heard by more than one station.

The first signal, made when the pilot had been officially missing for just five hours, was received by the Itasca, and two other ships, the HMS Achilles and the SS New Zealand Star.

The Itasca logged, “We hear her on 3105 now — very weak and unreadable/ fone” and asked Earhart to send Morse code dashes.

The Achilles did not hear “very weak and unreadable” voice, but heard Itasca’s request and heard dashes in response. The SS New Zealand only heard the response dashes.

In other cases, credible sources in widely separated locations in the U.S., Canada and the central Pacific, reported hearing a woman requesting help. She spoke English, and in some cases said she was identified as Amelia Earhart.

In one case, on July 5, the U.S. Navy Radio at Wailupe, Honolulu heard a garbled Morse code: “281 north Howland - call KHAQQ - beyond north — won’t hold with us much longer — above water — shut off.”

At the same time, an amateur radio operator in Melbourne, Australia, reported having heard a "strange” code which included KHAQQ, Amelia's call sign.

According to Gillespie, the reanalysis of the credible post-loss signals supports the hypothesis that they were sent by Earhart’s Electra from a point on the reef at Nikumaroro, about a quarter-mile north of the shipwreck of the British freighter SS Norwich City.

"The results of the study show a body of evidence which might be the forgotten key to the mystery. It is the elephant in the room that has gone unacknowledged for nearly 75 years," said Gillespie.


Latest update 06/23/2012:


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Jul 2 12 12:26 PM

  HIGH-TECH SEARCH FOR AMELIA EARHART'S PLANE SET TO BEGIN   Expedition heads out to remote island on 75th anniversary of her disappearance  
By Rossella Lorenzi

updated 7/2/2012 1:13:21 PM ET2012-07-02T17:13:21
Components of Amelia Earhart's plane might have floated for weeks in the waters of an uninhabited island in the southwestern Pacific republic of Kiribati, according to new analysis of a photograph taken three months after the disappearance of the glamorous aviator on July 2, 1937, during a record attempt to fly around the world at the equator.
Shot by British Colonial Service officer Eric R. Bevington in October 1937, during an expedition to assess the suitability for future settlement and colonization of Nikumaroro, a deserted island between Hawaii and Australia, the grainy photo has prompted a new expedition to find pieces of Earhart's long-lost Lockheed Electra aircraft.

"We will depart Honolulu on July 3rd aboard the University of Hawaii oceanographic research ship R/V Ka Imikai-O-Kanaloa. In about eight days we should get to Nikumaroro, where we will carry out a deep-water search for the wreckage," Ric Gillespie, executive director of The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR), told Discovery News.

The 26-day expedition and its findings will be captured by a film crew from Discovery Channel and aired as a documentary in August.

Archival research and a number of artifacts unearthed on Nikumaroro during nine previous archaeological expeditions have provided strong, circumstantial evidence for a castaway presence on the coral atoll.

Gillespie believes that Earhart's twin-engined plane did not crash in the Pacific Ocean, running out of fuel somewhere near her target destination Howland Island. Instead, he thinks Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan made an emergency landing on Nikumaroro's flat coral reef. There, they would have survived as castaways "for a matter of weeks, possibly more," said Gillespie.

The hunt for the plane wreckage will rely on robots and multi-beam sonar capable of mapping the seafloor at depths of almost 7 miles. The action will be on the reef slope off the west end of Nikumaroro, where waters can reach 5,000 feet. This is the area shown in Bevington's picture.

"The photo shows the western end of the island and the wreck of the British steamer SS Norwich City, which went aground on the island's reef in 1929," Gillespie said.
"But on the left side of the frame there is something else: an apparent man-made protruding object which is hard to explain in that spot," Gillespie said.
"The photo is wallet-size and, in the original print, the object of interest is smaller than a grain of rice and easily missed," he added.

Indeed, the mysterious object went unnoticed until 2010, when TIGHAR forensic imaging specialist Jeff Glickman spotted it while reviewing the original copy-negative.
"When we plotted the location, we realized it was in the same place where, in 1999, a former resident of Nikumaroro (a colony was established on the island in December of 1938 and lasted until 1963), told us of seeing debris in 1940. Her father, the island carpenter, told her it was the wreckage of an airplane," Gillespie said.

A high-resolution scan of the original print, now kept at the Rhodes House Library at Oxford, U.K., allowed Glickman to carry out a more detailed analysis of the photo.
"There is an object on the reef, but from the picture we can’t definitely prove what it is. However, one interpretation is consistent with four components that existed on Earhart’s Lockheed Electra Model 10E Special," Glickman said presenting his findings last month at an Amelia Earhart conference.

According to Glickman, the object in the image could be a composition made from the upside-down landing gear of Earhart's plane: a floating wheel, the fender, the strut and a worm gear.

"Imagery analysts at the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research, who examined the photo, agreed with Glickman’s analysis. All the four elements appeared to match the shape and dimensions of the components in the landing gear of a Lockheed Electra," Gillespie said.

Previous expeditions have confirmed that there is nothing remaining in the location on the reef edge where the object appears in the 1937 Bevington photos.
"However, there are grooves in the reef surface where debris could easily have once been caught," Gillespie said.

He admits that there are several possible scenarios that could defeat TIGHAR's efforts to find the wreckage. For example, the plane could have floated away for miles before sinking, or it could have broken up, sunk close to the island and been buried by underwater landslides.

The underwater search will begin with a mapping of the general area with multi-beam sonar. Targets will be identified using high-resolution, side-scan sonar mounted on an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV). Finally, a Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV) with powerful lights and high-definition video cameras will be used to investigate the targets.
"If we are fortunate enough to find whatever remains of the airplane, we will get imagery and photographs and then prepare a recovery expedition," Gillespie said.
"Our hope is that finding identifiable pieces of the plane will help make it possible to do further archaeology on shore to learn more about Amelia's last days," he said.
© 2012 Discovery Channel

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Jul 2 12 2:52 PM

I can't imagine a mystery that has such interest as the Earhart one. How much of her not being found shows lax-a-daisy people that ignored so much at the time. Sounds a lot like what was ignored from some "watchers" near Pearl Harbor when either their transmissions were thought to be wrong or completely ignored. If that hadn't happened more ships, and lives, might have been saved.

Thanks for posting this Quasar.

Romans 1:17, For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."

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Jul 2 12 4:13 PM

That is precisely what happened, Beloved.  People who were trained for such reponsibilities failed to act on signals that were hers, which they ignored.  If you go to the following there is a map of the Phoenix Island group, now known as the Kiribati group. 

The map shows Howland Island where Earhart was supposed to land near the upper left of the map, with Baker just below it.  Looking down about 625 muiles directly south, you will find Nakumaroro Island [Called Gardener during WW2] where they now believe she set down.  During WW2, I spent six months on Kanton Island [Called Canton during WW2], which is roughly 390 miles NE of Nakumaroro.

Canton Island was a Pan American Clipper service stop between Honolulu, HI and Sydney, Australia.  And is about 1,200 miles SSW of Honolulu, 2.5 degree south of the equator, right next to the International Date Line.  I was the aircraft instrument crew chief while there, maintaining flight, engine, aircraft, navigational instruments as well as autopilots on all the bombers, cargo, troop and litter carrier planes assigned to the south Pacific region at that time.

We didn't know how much closer to where Amelia Earhart came down than what we had thought it had been, on or around Howland Island, about 625 miles away.


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Jul 31 12 2:38 AM

Amelia Earhart is one of my inspiration as a pilot and an explorer. I hope in the near future they could find her!

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Jul 31 12 4:31 AM

Indeed, that is the hope of us all who followed the life of Amelia while all of this was taking place, back in 1937.  Sadly, the last expodition to locate her plane around Gardner Island, now called Nikumaroro, failed to find her plane.


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Jun 24 13 7:51 PM


Latest update on the saga of Amelia Earhart on 06'24/2013:
Old New Zealand photos found taken 15 months after she was lost on July 2,1937.
By Rossella Lorenzi
Discovery News

An array of detailed aerial photos of the remote island where Amelia Earhart may have survived for a time as a castaway has resurfaced in a New Zealand museum archive, raising hopes for new photographic evidence about the fate of the legendary aviator.
Found by Matthew O'Sullivan, keeper of photographs at the New Zealand Air Force Museum in Christchurch, the images lay forgotten in an unlabeled tin box in the museum's archives.

The box contained five sheets of contact prints -- for a total of 45 photos, complete with negatives -- and a slip of paper with the words "Gardner Island."

PHOTOS: Sonar Possibly Reveals Earhart's Plane

Now called Nikumaroro, the uninhabited tropical atoll in the southwestern Pacific republic of Kiribati is believed to be Earhart's final resting place by researchers of The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR).


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Sep 16 16 8:17 AM

The latest report on Amelia Earheartas of 8/16/2016

Go to the following link:


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