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LIST OF HERESIES And HUMAN TRADITIONS ADOPTED by the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE COURSE OF 1600 YEARS
(Compiled by Rev. Stephen L. Testa).
"And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." Jesus In John 8:32
Notice:-These dates are in many cases approximate. Many of these heresies had been current in the Church years before, but only when they were officially adopted by a Church council and proclaimed by the pope as dogma of faith, did they become binding on Catholics.
And doctrine to be true must conform to the Word of God. "To the law and to the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them." (Isaiah 8:20)
At the Reformation in the 16th Century these heresies were repudiated as having no part in the Religion of Jesus as taught in the New Testament.
1. OF ALL THE HUMAN TRADITIONS taught and practiced by the Roman Catholic Church, which are contrary to the Bible, the most ancient are the prayers for the dead and the sign of the Cross. Both began 300 years after Christ....310
2. Wax Candles introduced in church about....320
3. Veneration of angels and dead saints about....375
4. The Mass, as a daily celebration, adopted....394
5. The worship of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and the use of the term, "Mother of God", as applied to her, originated in
the Council of Ephesus in....431
6. Priests began to dress differently from the laity in....500
7. The doctrine of Purgatory was first established by Gregory the Great about the year....593
8. The Latin language, as the language of prayer and worship in churches, was also imposed by Pope Gregory I, 600 years after Christ....600
The Word of God forbids praying and teaching in an unknown tongue. (I Cor. 14:9).
9. The Bible teaches that we pray to God alone. In the primitive church never were prayers directed to Mary, or to dead saints. This practice began in the Roman Church about....600
(Matt. 11:28; Luke 1:46; Acts 10:25-26; 14:14-18)
10. The Papacy is of pagan origin. The title of pope or universal bishop, was first given to the bishop of Rome by the wicked emperor Phocas, in the year ....610
This he did to spite Bishop Ciriacus of Constantinople, who had justly excommunicated him for his having caused the assassination of his predecessor emperor Mauritius. Gregory 1, then bishop of Rome, refused the title, but his successor, Boniface 111, first assumed title "pope. "
Jesus did not appoint Peter to the headship of the apostles and forbade any such notion. (Lk. 22:24-26; Eph. 1:22-23; Col. 1: 18; 1 Cor. 3:11).
Note:-Nor is there any mention in Scripture, nor in history, that Peter ever was in Rome, much less that he was pope there for 25 years; Clement, 3rd bishop of Rome, remarks that there is no real 1st century evidence that Peter ever was in Rome.
11. The kissing of the Pope's feet began in....709
It had been a pagan custom to kiss the feet of emperors. The Word of God forbids such practices. (Read Acts 10:25-26; Rev. 19:10; 22:9).
12. The Temporal power of the Popes began....750
When Pepin, the usurper of the throne of France, descended into Italy, called by Pope Stephen 11, to war against the Italian Lombards, he defeated them and gave the city of Rome and surrounding territory to the pope. Jesus expressly forbade such a thing, and He himself refused worldly kingship. (Read Matt. 4:8-9; 20:25-26; John 18:38).
13. Worship of the cross, of Images and relics was authorized in....788
This was by order of Dowager Empress Irene of Constantinople, who first caused to pluck the eyes of her own son, Constantine VI, and then called a church council at the request of Hadrian 1, pope of Rome at that time.
Such practice is called simply IDOLATRY in the Bible, and is severely condemned. (Read Ex. 20:4; 3:17; Dent. 27: 15; Psalm 1 15).
14. Holy Water, mixed with a pinch of salt and blessed by the priest, was authorized in....850
15. The veneration of St. Joseph began in....890
16. The baptism of bells was instituted by Pope John XIV, in the year.......965
17. Canonization of dead saints, first by Pope John XV in....995
Every believer and follower of Christ is called saint in the Bible. (Read Rom. 1:7; I Cor. 1:2).
18. Fasting on Fridays and during Lent were imposed in the year....998
Imposed by popes said to be interested in the commerce of fish. (Bull, or permit to eat meat), some authorities say, began in the year 700.
This is against the plain teaching of the Bible. (Read Matt. 15:10; I Cor. 10:25; I Tim. 4:1-3).
19. The Mass was developed gradually as a sacrifice; attendance made obligatory in the 11th century.
The Bible teaches that the sacrifice of Christ was offered once and for all, and is not to be repeated, but only commemorated in the Lord's Supper. (Read Heb. 7:27; 9:26- 28; 10:10-14).
20. The celibacy of the priesthood was decreed by Pope Hildebrand, Boniface VII, in the year....1079
Jesus imposed no such rule, nor did any of the apostles. On the contrary, St. Peter was a married man, and St. Paul says that bishops were to have wife and children. (Read I Tim. 3:2,5, and 12; Matt. 8:14-15).
21. The Rosary, or prayer beads was introduced by Peter the Hermit, in the year 1090. Copied from Hindus and Mohammedan....1090
The counting of prayers is a pagan practice and is expressly condemned by Christ. (Matt. 6:5-13).
22. The Inquisition of heretics was instituted by the Council of Verona in the year 1184.
Jesus never taught the use of force to spread His religion....1184
23. The sale of Indulgences, commonly regarded as a purchase of forgiveness and a permit to indulge in sin, began in the year....1190
Christianity, as taught in the Bible, condemns such a traffic, and it was the protest against this traffic that brought on the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century.
24. The dogma of Transubstantiation was decreed by Pope Innocent III, in the year....1215
By this doctrine the priest pretends to perform a daily miracle by changing a wafer into the body of Christ, and then he pretends to eat Him alive in the presence of his people during Mass. The Bible condemns such absurdities; for the Lord's Supper is simply a memorial of the sacrifice of Christ. The spiritual presence of Christ is implied in the Lord's Supper. (Read Luke 22:19-20; John 6:35; 1 Cor. 11:26).
25. Confession of sins to the priest at least once a year was instituted by Pope Innocent III, in the Lateran Council, in the year....1215
The Bible commands us to confess our sins direct to God. (Read Psa. 51:1-10; Luke 7:48; 15:21; I John 1:8-9).
26. The adoration of the wafer (Host), was decreed by Pope Honorius in the year....1220
So the Roman Church worships a God made by human hands. This is plain idolatry and absolutely contrary to the spirit of the Gospel. (Read John 4:24).
27. The Bible forbidden to laymen and placed in the Index of forbidden books by the Council of Valencia in....1229
Jesus commanded that the Scriptures should be read by all. (John 5:39; 2 Tim. 3:15- 17).
28. The Scapular was invented by Simon Stock, and English monk, in the year ....1287
It is a piece of brown cloth, with the picture of the Virgin and supposed to contain supernatural virtue to protect from all dangers those who wear it on naked skin. This is fetishism.
29. The Roman Church forbade the cup to the laity, by instituting the communion of one kind in the Council of Constance in....1414
The Bible commands us to celebrate the Lord's Supper with unleavened bread and the fruit of the vine. (Read Matt. 26:27; 1 Cor. 11:26-29).
30. The doctrine of Purgatory was proclaimed as a dogma of faith by Council of Florence in....1439
There is not one word in the Bible that would teach the purgatory of priests. The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us from all sins. (Read I John 1:7-9; 2:1-2; John 5:24; Rom. 8: 1).
31. The doctrine of 7 Sacraments affirmed in....1439
The Bible says that Christ instituted only two ordinances, Baptism and the Lord's Supper. (Read Matt. 28:19-20; 26:26-28).
32. The Ave Maria, part of the last half in....1508
It was completed 50 years afterward and finally approved by Pope Sixtus V, at the end of the 16th century.
33. The Council of Trent, held in the year 1545, declared that Tradition is of equal authority with the Bible....1545
By tradition is meant human teachings. The Pharisees believed the same way, and Jesus bitterly condemned them, for by teaching human tradition, they nullified the commandments of God. (Read Mark 7:7-13; Col. 2:8; Rev. 22:18).
34. The apocryphal books were added to the Bible also by the Council of Trent in....1546
These books were not recognized as canonical by the Jewish Church. (See Rev. 22:8-9).
35. The Creed of Pope Plus IV was imposed as the official creed 1560 years after Christ and the apostles, in....1560
True Christians retain the Holy Scriptures as their creed. Hence their creed is 1500 years older than the creed of Roman Catholics. (Read Gal. 1:8).
36. The Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary was proclaimed by Pope Pius IX in the year....1854
The Bible states that all men, with the sole exception of Christ, are sinners. Mary herself had need of a Savior. (Read Rom. 3:23; 5:12; Psa. 51:5; Luke 1:30,46,47).
37. In the year 1870 after Christ, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of Papal Infallibility....1870
This is a blasphemy and the sign of the apostasy and of the anti-christ predicted by St. Paul. (Read II Thes. 2:2-12; Rev. 17:1-9; 13:5-8,18).
Many Bible students see the number of the beast (Rev. 13:18), 666 in the Roman letters of the Pope's title: "VICARIVS FILII DEI." -V-5, I-1; C-100, I-1; V-5, I-1; L-50, I-1; I-1; D-500, I-1-Total, 666.
38. Pope Pius X, in the year 1907, condemned together with "Modernism", all the discoveries of modern science which are not approved by the Church....1907
Pius IX had done the same thing in the Syllabus of 1864.
39. In the year 1930 Pius XI, condemned the Public Schools....1930
40. In the year 1931 the same pope Pius XI, reaffirmed the doctrine that Mary is "the Mother of God".....1931
This doctrine was first invented by the Council of Ephesus in the year 431. This is a heresy contrary by Mary's own words. (Read Luke l:46-49; John 2:1-5).
41. In the year 1950 the last dogma was proclaimed by Pope Pius XII, the Assumption of the Virgin Mary....1950
What will be the next invention? The Roman Church says it never changes; yet, it has done nothing else but invent new doctrines which are contrary to the Bible, and has practiced rites and ceremonies taken bodily from paganism. Some scholar has found that 75% of the rites and ceremonies of the Roman Church are of pagan origin.
Note:-Cardinal Newman, in his book, "The Development of the Christian Religion," admits that "Temples, incense, oil lamps, votive offerings, holy water, holidays and season of devotions, processions, blessing of fields, sacerdotal vestments, the tonsure (of priests and monks and nuns), images ... are all of pagan origin..." (Page 359).
HERESIES are those doctrines and practices which are contrary to the Bible. They are also called "human "&dons" or "doctrines of men". Both Peter and Paul predicted and warned that In the later times "false teachers' I would rise within the Church and bring In "damnable heresies" and "doctrines of devils". (Read II Peter 2:1-3, and I Tim. 3:2-5). Jesus rebuked the Pharisees, for they transgressed the commandments of God by keeping their traditions. "In vain," He said, "they worship me by keeping for doctrines the commandments of men" (Matt. 15:3,9).
The real heretics therefore, are the Roman Catholics and the true orthodox are the Evangelical Christians.
BRETHREN! The Word of God commands us to get out of Babylon, saying: "Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues." (Rev. 18:4). All true Christians will remain faithful to the religion of Christ as taught in the Bible, and heed the warning of the Apostle Paul, who said: "But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other Gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed." (Gal. 1:8).
See also the conduct of the Catholic church in the name of Christianity: The horrible Inquisitions:
In 1232, Pope Gregory IX established the first of three Holy Inquisitions under the direction of the Dominican order. The formation of the Dominican order had been approved by the previous Pope Honorius in 1220. Under Pope Gregory IX's First Inquisition, war was declared on heretics as well as "witches".
In Italy and France all witches were burned alive while elsewhere some were garrotted at the stake - providing they confessed first. Many victims died in great despair, screaming, renouncing and blaspheming. On some occasions green logs were used so the fire burned more slowly, prolonging the agony. The suffering could be extended upto 2 hours. On other occasions, poorly-prepared ropes were burned through and the victim - half burned and crazed by pain - broke out of the fire.
One victim in France, Claude Janguillaume, was thrown back into the flames three times before his body was ultimately consumed.
Children as young as 11 were sent to the stake. And the offspring of those
condemned to the flames often were flogged as they watched their parents burn.
At the end of the spectacle, the presiding church officials often gorged
themselves on a lavish feast - paid for out of the victim's estate.
Although being burnt to death certainly is a form of torture, it was not long
before other methods were applied.
The power of the Inquisition was established and enlarged by a series of papal bulls. [Link]
In 1245, the Pope gave Inquisitors the right to absolve their assistants of any acts of violence which they might commit in the fulfillment of their duties.
Following church traditions, Inquisitor Franciso Pena declared in 1578 that:
We must remember that the main purpose of the trial and execution is
not to save the soul of the accused but to achieve the public good and put fear
In 1252, Pope Innocent IV sanctioned the use of torture in the extraction of confessions of heresy during the Inquisition by issuing the bull Ad extirpanda "to be exterminated". This ordered all secular rulers to arrest and execute non-Catholic Christians. (Of course, Protestantism did not yet exist at this time, only other "heresies".)
"When those adjudged guilty of heresy have been given up to the
civil power by the bishop or his representative, or the Inquisition, the podesta
or chief magistrate of the city shall take them at once, and shall within five
days at the most, execute the laws made against them."
-- Papal bull, Ad extirpanda
Torture of suspects was authorized by Pope Innocent IV in 1252, and thus inquisition chambers were turned into places of abject horror.
...Torture was not finally removed as a legal option for church officials
until 1917 when the Codex Juris Canonici was put into
[This bull] issued May 15, 1252, was "a terrible measure against
heretics in Italy, authorizing seizure of their goods, imprisonment, torture,
and, on conviction, death, all on minimal evidence."
Inquisitors were placed entirely above the law by Pope Innocent IV (Pope from 1243-54) in his bull of 1252, Ad extirpanda.
and citizen must assist them on pain of excommunication. Resistance could place
the whole community under interdict, (a punishment by which the "faithful" are
prohibited from participation in certain sacred acts) or force payment of heavy
fines. Any individual fined by the Inquisition could be held in prison until he
paid, or died.
Following Innocent IV's lead and expanding on it,
Pope Alexander IV officially sanctioned torture in 1257.
Most of the torturing was performed by members of the Dominican order, whose monks were called the "black friars". To the Dominicans, the screams of their victims were like music to their ears - as it meant "one soul was drawing closer to God". Many other inquisitors and torturers were monks of the Franciscan order, who, like the Dominican monks, had taken vows of poverty. Of course, this did not stop them from getting much of the property and assets of their victims.
The pulley, either strappado or squassation, the first torture of the Inquisition:
The victim was stripped naked with his wrists tied securely behind his back. A stout rope was then fastened to his wrists and carried over a pulley fixed to the roof of the torture chamber. The executioners then drew the victim up with this rope until he was suspended about six feet from the floor. In this position, heavy iron weights, usually amounting to about 45 kg (100 lbs), were attached to his feet. At this juncture he was asked once more to reveal the truth.
Refusal meant the infliction of a number of stripes with a whip upon his naked back. The questions were repeated. Failure to confess was the signal for the torture to start in real earnest. The executioners pulled on the rope, raising the victim almost to the ceiling. Suddenly allowing the rope to slack for several feet, they then brought this rapid descent to an abrupt termination before the weights reached the floor. The shock to the body, of this suddenly terminated fall, was sufficient to jar every bone, joint and nerve in the system. In most cases it entailed dislocation.
The process was repeated again and again until the culprit confessed or became unconscious.
Go to the following for all of this article: http://freetruth.50webs.org/A2d.htm